Publikationen

Radiocarbon re-dating of contact-era Iroquoian history in northeastern North America

Autor(en)
Sturt W. Manning, Jennifer Birch, Megan A. Conger, Michael W. Dee, Carol Griggs, Carla S. Hadden, Alan G. Hogg, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Samantha Sanft, Peter Steier, Eva M. Wild
Abstrakt

A time frame for late Iroquoian prehistory is firmly established on the basis of the presence/absence of European trade goods and other archeological indicators. However, independent dating evidence is lacking. We use 86 radiocarbon measurements to test and (re) define existing chronological understanding. Warminster, often associated with Cahiague visited by S. de Champlain in 1615-1616 CE, yields a compatible radiocarbon-based age. However, a well-known late prehistoric site sequence in southern Ontario, Draper-Spang-Mantle, usually dated similar to 1450-1550, yields much later radiocarbon-based dates of similar to 1530-1615. The revised time frame dramatically rewrites 16th-century contact-era history in this region. Key processes of violent conflict, community coalescence, and the introduction of European goods all happened much later and more rapidly than previously assumed. Our results suggest the need to reconsider current understandings of contact-era dynamics across northeastern North America.

Organisation(en)
Isotopenphysik
Externe Organisation(en)
Cornell University, University of Waikato, University of Georgia, University of Groningen, University of Oxford
Journal
Science Advances
Band
4
Anzahl der Seiten
10
ISSN
2375-2548
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav0280
Publikationsdatum
12-2018
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
103014 Kernphysik, 101019 Stochastik
Schlagwörter
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/radiocarbon-redating-of-contactera-iroquoian-history-in-northeastern-north-america(ec23f7b9-da8d-41de-bb65-ee233b657df3).html