Publications

Update on the Absolute Chronology of the Migration period in Central Europe (375–568 AD): new data from Maria Ponsee, Lower Austria

Author(s)
Jakub Kaizer, Eva Maria Wild, Peter Stadler, Maria Teschler-Nicola, Peter Steier
Abstract

The Danube region in Central Europe was one of the areas where several cultures appeared before moving further or being defeated during the Migration Period in the middle of the first millennium AD. The Lombards, who crossed the Danube in 505 AD, settled in the "Tullnerfeld" where the Maria Ponsee graveyard was excavated in 1965-1972. From the historical evidence about the temporal and spatial migration of the Lombards, it was concluded that the graveyard was in use between 505 and 568 AD by three groups of migrants. We processed and dated a new set of 23 bones, found in the Maria Ponsee site. The determined C-14 dates fit well in the expected time interval, though discrimination between the grave groups could not be obtained. The dates were added to the chronological sequence, recording the Migration Period in Central Europe. The sequence lead to a good correlation of the modelled and historical data (A(model) = 87.6%). The results show differentiations of the respective tribes in the pre-Lombardic period. However, transitions between the Lombard phases were rather ambiguous, indicating that the Lombards set up new settlements while only partially abandoning the already inhabited ones before 546 AD.

Organisation(s)
Isotope Physics, Department of Evolutionary Anthropology
External organisation(s)
Comenius University in Bratislava, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (NHM)
Journal
Radiocarbon
Volume
61
Pages
1653-1662
No. of pages
10
ISSN
0033-8222
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2019.89
Publication date
12-2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
103013 Ion physics
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/update-on-the-absolute-chronology-of-the-migration-period-in-central-europe-375568-ad-new-data-from-maria-ponsee-lower-austria(fec49595-8f52-4330-a12f-6a7674254ac4).html