Publications

Prehistoric salt mining in Hallstatt, Austria. New chronologies out of small wooden fragments

Author(s)
Michael Grabner, Elisabeth Wächter, Kurt Nicolussi, Monika Bolka, Trivun Sormaz, Peter Steier, Eva Maria Wild, Fritz Eckart Barth, Anton Kern, Johann Rudorfer, Kerstin Kowarik, Thomas Stöllner, Hans Reschreiter
Abstract

The prehistoric salt mine of Hallstatt together with its burial ground is one of the most prominent archaeological sites in the world, and has given its name to the “Hallstatt period”, an epoch of European prehistory (800 to 400 BCE). Due to the perfect conservation in rock salt a high number of organic materials have been found, including mostly wooden artefacts and structural timber. More than 2000 samples were taken from various archaeological sites in the mines as well as at the surface. It was possible to date 763 samples by the means of dendrochronology and by 14C wiggle matching. The dendrochronological dating was possible due to crossdating with various available chronologies (like Villingen-Magdalenenberg or Dachstein/Schwarzer See). The fir (Abies alba Mill.) chronologies span the periods: -1232 to -1063; -819 to -425 and -371 to-129. The spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) chronologies span the periods: -1228 to -1063; -813 to -669 and -342 to -123. The larch (Larix decidua Mill.) chronologies span the periods: -1393 ± 18 to-1286 ± 18 based on wiggle matching data and -252 to -164. A beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) chronology span the time -1182 to -1062.

Organisation(s)
Isotope Physics
External organisation(s)
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Dendro Lab of the City of Zürich, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (NHM), Deutsches Bergbau-Museum, Medizinische Universitätsklinik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Journal
Dendrochronologia
Volume
66
No. of pages
13
ISSN
1125-7865
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2021.125814
Publication date
04-2021
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
107001 Archaeometry, 601003 Archaeology
Keywords
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Ecology, Plant Science
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/prehistoric-salt-mining-in-hallstatt-austria-new-chronologies-out-of-small-wooden-fragments(c4a3ee18-75cd-4c01-a93d-a04397f3332d).html